Professor Emerita

Dr. Baer received her baccalaureate degree from Columbia University - Presbyterian Hospital School of Nursing, and her master’s and doctoral degrees from New York University. Initially a clinical nurse practicing with acutely ill adults, Dr. Baer became involved with the nurse practitioner movement in the early 1970s.

She taught practitioners at Lehman College, City University of New York, with other pioneers in the field, before joining the faculty at the Penn School of Nursing in 1980. At Penn, Dr. Baer initiated and directed a federally funded program in oncology for nursing graduate students and a federally funded demonstration project for undergraduate nursing students to have clinical experiences caring for persons with AIDS. In addition to her teaching and research at the School of Nursing, Dr. Baer was the Associate Director of the Barbara Bates Center for the Study of the History of Nursing. A prolific writer, she has been widely recognized as a voice for nursing past and present. Her work illustrates how to comprehend contemporary issues by examining them in historical context. Abandonment of the patient, the struggles of nurse educators to achieve a place in higher education, issues relating to women’s roles, financing of healthcare, and finding a voice for nursing are all topics of her scholarship. Dr. Baer’s research has been supported by the National Center for Nursing Research, the Division of Nursing of the United States Public Health Service, the Helene Fuld Health Trust, and The Teagle Foundation, the results of which she has published widely in books and journals.