“MULTILEVEL PANEL STUDY OF EFFECTS OF CHANGES IN NURSING ON HEALTH EQUITY AND
PATIENT OUTCOMES.” NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF NURSING RESEARCH, PIS: MATTHEW D.
MCHUGH, PHD, JD, MPH, RN, FAAN, LINDA H. AIKEN, PHD, RN, FAAN
Over the past year, CHOPR has been actively engaged in an extensive study on health equity and patient outcomes with support from the National Institute of Nursing Research. By studying healthcare organizations, nurses, and patients over time, we seek to understand the impact of nursing investments on patient outcomes and health disparities. This four-year, $3.3 million multilevel panel study builds upon nearly 30 years of previous work. We will conduct surveys twice across seven U.S. states, aiming not only to comprehend the benefits of organizational change on patient outcomes but also to identify targeted interventions that can transform health equity, nurse wellbeing, and patient outcomes. More
“ACHIEVING HEALTH EQUITY DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC: LESSONS LEARNED FROM NURSES AND HIGH PERFORMING HOSPITALS.” NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF NURSING RESEARCH, PIS: J. MARGO BROOKS CARTHON, PHD, RN, FAAN; ANN KUTNEY-LEE, PHD, RN, FAAN
This mixed methods study aims to reveal new causes of COVID-19 disparities by examining how variations in nursing resources were associated with disparities in minority COVID- 19 outcomes, including mortality and readmissions. It also identifies hospitals that achieved equitable outcomes for racial and ethnic minorities during the pandemic. At these hospitals, we explore the open-ended responses of thousands of nurses who shared their perspectives of supports and barriers to care delivery for socially “vulnerable” populations, including racial and ethnic minorities. We determine whether there are particular combinations of nursing resources, organizational supports and care processes that are most effective in reducing COVID-19 disparities. More
“SPURRING THE DEVELOPMENT OF A PROMISING INTERVENTION TO HELP CHRONICALLY ILL MEDICAID PATIENTS AFTER HOSPITALIZATION.” RITA AND ALEX HILLMAN FOUNDATION,
PI: J. MARGO BROOKS CARTHON, PHD, RN, FAAN
THRIVE is a novel, equity-centered approach that provides whole-person care to Medicaid patients transitioning from hospital to home. Developed by a nurse-led interdisciplinary team at the University of Pennsylvania, results from an early pilot demonstrated a range of positive outcomes including reduced rehospitalizations. A $300,000 Hillman Catalyst Award will allow THRIVE, in partnership with Penn Medicine at Home and Pennsylvania Hospital, to expand to a second site and generate new evidence that could help to establish the intervention as a standard for delivering comprehensive transitional care to Medicaid patients and their families.
“LEARNING FROM HOSPITAL PREPAREDNESS DURING COVID: CHRONICALLY UNDER-RESOURCED NURSES AND PATIENT SAFETY.” AGENCY FOR HEALTHCARE RESEARCH AND QUALITY,
PI: KAREN B. LASATER, PHD, RN, FAAN
By analyzing data from millions of patients, thousands of nurses, and hundreds of hospitals before, during, and after the COVID-19 pandemic, the research assesses the pandemic’s impact on nurses and investigates whether improved pre-pandemic staffing and work environments contributed to mitigating negative outcomes during the crisis. More
“NURSES4ALL: A MAIL SURVEY OF NURSES FOR POLICY EVALUATION OF NURSE REGULATORY
LEGISLATION IN PENNSYLVANIA.” NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR THE STATE BOARDS OF NURSING, PI: KAREN B. LASATER, PHD, RN, FAAN
We will conduct a mail survey targeting registered nurses in Pennsylvania to perform a rapid cycle outcomes policy analysis with funding from the National Council for the State Boards of Nursing. This analysis will focus on crucial nurse regulatory legislation, including the effects of the Nurse Licensure Compact and the potential outcomes, both estimated and actual, if HB106 is passed. HB106 pertains to the implementation of minimum nurse staffing standards in hospitals across Pennsylvania.
“LISTEN TO HER: COMMUNICATING TO IMPROVE RACIALLY DISPARATE BIRTH OUTCOMES.” GORDON AND BETTY MOORE FOUNDATION, PI: REBECCA CLARK, PHD, MSN, RN, CNM, WHNP-BC
Communication is a leading root cause of preventable maternal morbidity and mortality, and a critical part of your experience when you give birth. Similar to sports teams that watch video recordings of their games to get even better, we use the same method, a video-reflexive ethnographic intervention, to help our high-performing health team enhance our communication during maternity stays to improve patient satisfaction and outcomes.
“ADVANCED TRAINING IN NURSING OUTCOMES RESEARCH (T32).” NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF NURSING RESEARCH, PIS: MATTHEW D. MCHUGH PHD, JD, MPH, RN, FAAN; EILEEN T. LAKE, PHD, RN, FAAN;
J. MARGO BROOKS CARTHON, PHD, RN, FAAN
This fellowship training program develops highly skilled nurse researchers specializing in clinical patient outcomes research through advanced quantitative methods and data science approaches. The program has trained-to-date 32 PhDs and 43 postdoctoral trainees, most of whom are currently employed in research positions across 43 institutions in 23 states. More