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Research Projects

  • National Institute of Nursing Research

Panel Study of Effects of Changes in Nursing on Patient Outcomes

PI: Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN, FAAN, FRCN

We replicated measurements made in 1999 and 2006 across hundreds of hospitals, nursing homes, and home care agencies in four states to examine organizational-level changes over time.

Alzheimer’s Disease and its related Dementias (AD/ADRD)

Subward PI: Olga F. Jarrín Montaner, PhD, RN

This study examines the impact of nurse education, staffing, skill mix, and work environment on trajectories of care for AD/ADRD patients by identifying nursing factors that can increase access to high quality dementia care in the U.S.   

Comparing Quality and Cost of Care Across Nursing Environments

PI: Matthew D. McHugh, PhD, JD, MPH, RN, CRNP, FAAN, Co-PI: Jeffrey H. Silber, MD, PhD

This three-year study explores whether there is an economic case for improving the nursing environment.with respect to quality, cost, and value.

The Impact of Nursing on In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patient Outcomes

PI: Matthew D. McHugh, PhD, JD, MPH, RN, CRNP, FAAN, Co-I: Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN, FAAN, FRCN and Robert A. Berg, MD

This three-year project explores the relationship between nursing and inpatient outcomes post-cardiac arrest. 

Advanced Training in Nursing Outcomes Research (T32)

PI: Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN, FAAN, FRCN

The Program has trained 26 PhDs and 37 postdoctoral trainees, the vast majority or whom are now employed in research in 44 different institutions in 24 states

  • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Performance: Missed Nursing Care and Infant Outcomes

Co-PI: Eileen T. Lake, PhD, MSN, MA, BSN, FAAN

The goal is develop evidence about the association of missed care with NICU patient outcomes and parent satisfaction for Very Low Birthweight Infants.

Electronic Health Record Use, Work Environments & Patient Outcomes

PI: Ann M. Kutney-Lee, PhD, MSN, RN, FAAN

This study aims explores conditions under which electronic health records function best in hospitals and has the potential to improve the outcomes of surgical patients.

  • Sigma Theta Tau International

Healthcare Workforce and Quality Outcomes in Chile

PI: Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN, FAAN, FRCN

This project led by Universidad de los Andes, will enable CHOPR to execute a research program that builds the Chilean research infrastructure.

  • Eastern Nursing Research Society 

President’s Circle Research Award: Evaluating A Hospital Intervention to Improve Care for Older Adults at the End of Life

PI: Karen B. Lasater, PhD, RN

This study compares outcomes, cost, and value for patients under each model of
care to promote evidence-based clinical
nursing practice and inform administrative decisions about the role of NPs in inpatient settings,

  • Versant

The Impact of Nurse-Physician Teamwork on Patient Outcomes at the End-of-Life

PI: Karen B. Lasater, PhD, RN

This study explores whether teamwork among nurses and physicians is associated with treatment intensity among hospitalized patients.

  • Vice Provost Global Initiatives

Leveraging an EU Study of Health Care Workforce RN4CAST-EU Partners, 
CHOPR and the Population Studies Center work collaboratively to study the effects of the global healthcare workforce on performance and outcomes.

 

  • National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities

The Impact of Nursing on Racial Disparities in Surgical Outcomes 

Co-PI: Matthew D. McHugh, PhD, JD, MPH, RN, CRNP, FAAN

We will separately determine the effects of patient, surgeon, nursing, and hospital characteristics on racial disparities, closely examine the relationship between nursing and disparities in specific procedure and patient groups, and learn whether changes in nursing resources have  consequences for racial disparities in surgery outcomes.

Disparities in the Outcomes and Processes of Care for In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

PI: J. Margo Brooks Carthon, PhD, RN, FAAN

We will examine the relationship between the organization and delivery of nursing care and in-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes among Black patients.

  • American Nurses Foundation 

Predicting Likely Candidates for Successful Magnet Applications Among Hospitals in Europe

PI: Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN, FAAN, FRCN

The one year study will identify Magnet-like and near-Magnet hospitals in Europe to inform strategies for improving Magnet Journey success.

Examination of Burdensome Transitions at End-Of-Life among Older Adults with Cancer

PI: Jessica Rearden, PhD, RN

The Maura C. Ryan Gerontological Nursing Research Scholarship will illuminate predictors of burdensome transitions and identify disparities, as well as current and optimal uses of hospice care to reduce burdensome transitions.

Job Dissatisfaction, Burn out and Intent to Leave among Black Nurses: The Role of the Work Environment

PI: J. Margo Brooks Carthon, PhD, RN, FAAN

Our proposal examines the relationship between clinical work environments and job outcome differences between black and white nurses.

  • Leonard Davis Institute

Quality and Cost of Inpatient Nurse Practitioner-Led Care

PI: Jordan Harrison, PhD, RN

The project will examine the potential   outcome, cost, and value advantage for patients cared for under an NP-led service versus usual house staff care.

Influence of Nurse Practitioner Restrictions on Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Diabetes Care

PI: J. Margo Brooks Carthon, PhD, RN, FAAN

This study will examine whether disparities in diabetes outcomes are linked to the inability of nurse practitioners to provide comprehensive care.

Dr. Brooks Carthon is also working on improving outcomes among medically complex populations in a safety net setting, using metrics of social risk and medical complexity in the electronic record.

  • Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

Pediatric Outcomes Research

PI: Center Directors join with CHOP Chief Nursing Officers

Examines whether associations between workforce policies and practices on adult patient outcomes also pertains to pediatric inpatient outcomes.


  • Recently Completed

Contributions of Foreign Educated Nurses to Quality Care in the U.S.

Funded by: National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN) 

PI: Matthew D. McHugh, PhD, JD, MPH, RN, CRNP, FAAN

This study describes recent trends in nurse immigration and the non-U.S. educated nurse workforce and determine the degree to which employment of non-US educated nurses in US hospitals adversely affects nurse and patient outcomes.

Graduate Nurse Education Demonstration

Funded by: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) 

PI: Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN, FAAN, FRCN, Executive Committee for the Graduate Nurse Network of Greater Philadelphia

One of five hospitals selected from the United States for the reasonable cost of providing clinical training to advanced practice registered nursing (APRN) students.