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F A Q’s


  • It is the largest study of its kind on nursing care and patient outcomes.
  • It is creating knowledge to improve nurses’ work environments and the quality of patient care in all settings in which nurses practice.
  • It is your opportunity to make a difference by demonstrating the impact of nursing on high quality care.
  • The study is not commercial or political. It is objective scientific research funded by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN).

Recent Research Products from 2020 Survey of Nurses

Lasater, K.B., Aiken, L.H., Sloane, D.M., French, R., Anusiewicz, C.V., Martin, B., Alexander, M., McHugh, M.D. (2021). Is hospital nurse staffing legislation in the public’s interest? An observational study in New York State. Medical Care. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001519

Lasater, K.B., Sloane, D.M., McHugh, M.D., Cimiotti, J.P., Riman, K.A., Martin, B., Alexander, M., Aiken, L.H. (2020). Evaluation of hospital nurse-to-patient staffing ratios and sepsis bundles on patient outcomes. American Journal of Infection Control.

Lasater, K.B., Aiken, L.H., Sloane, D.M., French, R., Martin, B., Reneau, K., Alexander, M., McHugh, M.D. (2020). Chronic hospital nurse understaffing meets COVID-19: Observational study. BMJ Quality & Safety. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2020-011512

Aiken, L.H. (2021)). Research Shows New York State’s Nurse Staffing Legislation Predicted to Save Lives and Money. Testimony at New York Joint Legislative Budget Hearing, February 25, 2021. Oral testimony (start at 9hrs:57min).

Frequently Asked Questions about RN4CAST

  1. Why was I selected for this survey? Your name was selected from the State Board of Nursing list of currently licensed nurses licensed in your state.
  2. I am retired or not working in nursing, should I still complete the survey? Yes, you received the survey because you are licensed to practice nursing in your state. We need your answers whether you are retired, disabled, or temporarily out of the workforce, or not working in nursing. Please respond no matter what your current employment status is. If you are not currently employed in nursing, you will be asked to respond to a limited number of questions only. Everyone’s answers are very important. Please respond.
  3. What if I do not work in a clinical setting (i.e., where no patient care is delivered)? If you received the survey, we need your participation. As a nurse in a non-clinical setting, your answers are vital to provide perspective on the important types of jobs nurses hold in the current workforce.
  4. Is this survey confidential? Yes, all information is strictly confidential. Through a feature in the online survey, all identifying information (e.g. name, email address) is automatically removed when you submit your response. Therefore, your name/email cannot be linked with your responses – not even by the researchers. The survey responses are carefully secured and protected under a Certificate of Confidentiality from the National Institutes of Health, which means the researchers cannot release or use any information that may identify you, unless you say it is okay. For that reason, all publications will report findings only in the aggregate. More details about Certificates of Confidentiality are available here
  5. Why do you need to know my demographic information? Besides being important to describe the nursing workforce, it is necessary to show that our research sample offered nurses from all demographics an opportunity to participate in and benefit from the research.
  6. I made an error on one of the questions on the online form. Can I redo it? You cannot change an answer on your online form once you’ve submitted it.
  7. Can I write additional comments on the survey? We welcome additional comments in a section at the end of the survey.
  8. My computer flagged the online site as not trustworthy, what should I do? Some of the older versions of Internet Explorer cannot evaluate security certificates. If you get this message in responding to our survey, you should accept and continue. Our site is fully secure and trustworthy.
  9. What is the research study timeline? Data collection will continue through early 2021. Publication of results are expected to begin in early 2022..
  10. What is your Institutional Review Board (IRB) number? Our IRB number is 834307. This study has been approved by the University of Pennsylvania’s IRB and follows all federal and state requirements for the protection of human subjects.

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