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Our Publications

Increasing the supply of NPs in underserved areas may be an incomplete solution to address access concerns in underserved areas. 

April 12, 2022 | In our published study, we evaluated quality ratings of NPs working in over 1,700 primary care practices across 6 states and found that NPs’ working in good practice environments are nearly 4x more likely to report good or very good quality of care in their clinical settings compared to NPs working in less favorable practice settings. 


Margo Brooks Carthon, PhD, APRN, FAAN; Heather Brom, PhD, NP-C; Jacqueline Nikpour, PhD, RN; Barbara Todd, DNP, CRNP, FAANP; Linda Aiken, PhD, FAAN; and Lusine Poghosyan, PhD, MPH, RN, FAAN

Successful Medicare Initiative Increases the Supply of Nurse Practitioners to Address Primary Care Shortages

January 4, 2022 | A new CHOPR study published today in Health Affairs shows that Medicare support for clinical training for nurse practitioners would increase their numbers and address the national shortage of primary care. More

Policy Evaluation Of The Affordable Care Act Graduate Nurse Education Demonstration

Porat-Dahlerbruch J, Aiken LH, Todd B, Cunningham R, Brom H, Peele ME, McHugh MD.

Illinois Nurse Staffing Legislation Predicted to Reduce Hospital Deaths and Improve Care

December 8, 2021| According to a new study published in the scientific journal BMJ Open, proposed state legislation in Illinois—HB 2604 Safe Staffing Limits Act– would significantly improve nurse staffing in hospitals and likely save thousands of lives. More


Lasater KB, Aiken LH, Sloane D, French R, Martin B, Alexander M, McHugh MD.

Hospitals with More Inpatient Nurse Practitioners Linked to Better Outcomes, More Satisfied Patients

October, 2021| According to a new study published in Medical Care, hospitals that employ more inpatient nurse practitioners (NPs) have lower surgical mortality, higher patient satisfaction, and lower costs of care. Nurse practitioners are registered nurses (RNs) with advanced graduate education and expanded legal scope of practice to prescribe treatments including pain medications. More


Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Brom, HM, Todd BA, Barnes H, Cimiotti JP, Cunningham RS, McHugh MD.


Publication Highlights from 2021

July 6, 2021 - The Lancet Global Health 

Hospital nurse staffing and patient outcomes in Chile

Aiken LH, Simonetti M, Sloane DM, Ceron C, Soto P, Bravo D, Galiano A, Behrman JR,
Smith HL, McHugh MD, Lake ET. 

.May 12, 2021 - The Lancet 

Effects of nurse-to-patient ratio legislation on nurse staffing
and patient mortality, readmissions, and length of stay

McHugh MD, Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Windsor C, Douglas C, Yates P

March 18, 2021 - Hospital Pediatrics

Newborns with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Are Concentrated in Poorer
Quality Hospitals

Lake ET, French R, Clark RRS, O’Rourke K, Lorch S.

March 2, 2021 - Research in Nursing and Health

Better nurse work environments associated with fewer readmissions and shorter length of stay among adults with ischemic stroke

Brom H, Brooks Carthon JM, Sloane DM, McHugh M, Aiken LH.

February 26, 2021 - Medical Care

Is Hospital Nurse Staffing Legislation in the Public’s Interest? 

Lasater KB, Aiken LH, Sloane DM, French R., Anusiewicz C, Martin B, Reneau K, Alexander M, McHugh MD.

January 12, 2021 - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Leveraging the Work Environment to Minimize the Negative Impact of Nurse Burnout on Patient Outcomes

Schlak AE, Aiken LH, Chittams J, Poghosyan L, McHugh M.

Publication Highlights from 2020

December 2020 - Research in Nursing and Health

Moving beyond the measure: Understanding patients’ experiences of communication with nurses

Trotta RL, Rao AD, McHugh MD, Yoho M, Cunningham R. 

December 2020 - American Journal of Infection Control

Evaluation of hospital nurse-to-patient staffing ratios and sepsis bundles on patient outcomes

Lasater KB, Sloane DM, McHugh MD, Cimiotti JP, Riman KA, Martin B, Alexander M, Aiken LH.

November 16, 2020 - Medical Care

Better Nurse Staffing Is Associated With Survival for Black Patients and Diminishes Racial Disparities in Survival After In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests

Brooks Carthon M, Brom H, McHugh M, Sloane DM, Berg R, Merchant R, Girotra S, Aiken LH.

October 22, 2020 - Journal of Clinical Nursing

Predictors of specialty certification among paediatric hospital nurses

Lasater KB, Clark RRS, McCabe MA, Frankenberger WD, Agosto PM, Riman KA, Aiken LH.

September 6, 2020 - BMJ Open

Case for hospital nurse-to-patient ratio legislation in Queensland, Australia, hospitals

McHugh MD, Aiken LH, Windsor C, Douglas C, Yates P.

August 31, 2020 - Journal of General Internal Medicine

Evaluating the Costs and Outcomes of Hospital Nursing Resources: a Matched Cohort Study of Patients with Common Medical Conditions

Lasater KB, McHugh MD, Rosenbaum PR, Aiken LH, Smith HL, Reiter JG, Niknam BA, Hill AS, Hochman LL, Jain S, Silber JH.

August 18, 2020 - BMJ Quality and Safety

Chronic Hospital Nurse Understaffing Meets COVID-19

KB Lasater, LH Aiken, DM Sloane, R French, B Martin