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Successful Medicare Initiative Increases the Supply of Nurse Practitioners to Address Primary Care Shortages

January 4, 2022 | A new CHOPR study published today in Health Affairs shows that Medicare support for clinical training for nurse practitioners would increase their numbers and address the national shortage of primary care. More

Policy Evaluation Of The Affordable Care Act Graduate Nurse Education Demonstration

Lasater KB, Aiken LH, Sloane D, French R, Martin B, Alexander M, McHugh MD.

Illinois Nurse Staffing Legislation Predicted to Reduce Hospital Deaths and Improve Care

December 8, 2021| According to a new study published in the scientific journal BMJ Open, proposed state legislation in Illinois—HB 2604 Safe Staffing Limits Act– would significantly improve nurse staffing in hospitals and likely save thousands of lives. More


Porat-Dahlerbruch J, Aiken LH, Todd B, Cunningham R, Brom H, Peele ME, McHugh MD.

Hospitals with More Inpatient Nurse Practitioners Linked to Better Outcomes, More Satisfied Patients

October, 2021| According to a new study published in Medical Care, hospitals that employ more inpatient nurse practitioners (NPs) have lower surgical mortality, higher patient satisfaction, and lower costs of care. Nurse practitioners are registered nurses (RNs) with advanced graduate education and expanded legal scope of practice to prescribe treatments including pain medications. More


Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Brom, HM, Todd BA, Barnes H, Cimiotti JP, Cunningham RS, McHugh MD.

Safe Nurse Staffing Standards in Hospitals Saves Lives and Lowers Costs

July 6, 2021 | Published in The Lancet Global Health showed that establishing safe nurse staffing standards in hospitals in Chile could save lives, prevent readmissions, shorten hospital stays, and reduce cost. More

Hospital nurse staffing and patient outcomes in Chile:
a multilevel cross-sectional study

Aiken LH, Simonetti M, Sloane DM, Ceron C, Soto P, Bravo D, Galiano A, Behrman JR,
Smith HL, McHugh MD, Lake ET. 

.May 12, 2021 | Published in The Lancet today showed that a policy establishing minimum nurse-to-patient staffing ratios in hospitals in Queensland, Australia saved lives, prevented readmissions, shortened hospital stays, and reduced costs. More

Effects of nurse-to-patient ratio legislation on nurse staffing
and patient mortality, readmissions, and length of stay:
a prospective study in a panel of hospitals.

McHugh MD, Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Windsor C, Douglas C, Yates P

Infants experiencing opioid withdrawal more often treated in poorer quality hospitals, CHOPR researchers find.

March 18, 2021 | Findings from the CHOPR study to determine the extent to which newborns with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) are concentrated in some hospitals as compared with newborns without NAS, and whether care quality and safety differed among these hospitals was published this month in Hospital Pediatrics, a journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. More

Newborns with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Are Concentrated in Poorer
Quality Hospitals.

Lake ET, French R, Clark RRS, O’Rourke K, Lorch S.

Nurse Work Environment Influences Stroke Outcomes

March 2, 2021 | A new CHOPR paper titled “Better nurse work environments associated with fewer readmissions and shorter length of stay among adults with ischemic stroke: a cross‐sectional analysis of United States hospitals” was recently published in Research in Nursing and Health and shows how good work environments for nurses is especially important. First author, Dr. Heather Brom led the research team that included: Drs. J. Margo Brooks Carthon, Matthew D. McHugh and Linda H. Aiken. More

Better nurse work environments associated with fewer readmissions and shorter length of stay among adults with ischemic stroke: A cross‐sectional analysis
of United States Hospitals.

Brom H, Brooks Carthon JM, Sloane DM, McHugh M, Aiken LH.

New York State’s Hospital Nurse Staffing Legislation Predicted to Save Lives and Money

February 26, 2021 | According to a new CHOPR study published in Medical Care, improving hospital nurse staffing as proposed in pending legislation in New York state would likely save lives. The cost of improving nurse staffing would be offset by savings achieved by reducing hospital readmissions and length of hospital stays. More

Is Hospital Nurse Staffing Legislation in the Public’s Interest? An Observational
Study in New York State.

Lasater KB, Aiken LH, Sloane DM, French R., Anusiewicz C, Martin B, Reneau K, Alexander M, McHugh MD.

More CHOPR Papers

January 12, 2021 - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Leveraging the Work Environment to Minimize the Negative Impact of Nurse Burnout on Patient Outcomes.

Schlak AE, Aiken LH, Chittams J, Poghosyan L, McHugh M.

December 2020 - Research in Nursing and Health

Moving beyond the measure: Understanding patients’ experiences of communication with nurses.

Trotta RL, Rao AD, McHugh MD, Yoho M, Cunningham R. 

December 2020 - American Journal of Infection Control

Evaluation of hospital nurse-to-patient staffing ratios and sepsis bundles on patient outcomes.

Lasater KB, Sloane DM, McHugh MD, Cimiotti JP, Riman KA, Martin B, Alexander M, Aiken LH.

November 16, 2020 - Medical Care

Better Nurse Staffing Is Associated With Survival for Black Patients and Diminishes Racial Disparities in Survival After In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests.

Brooks Carthon M, Brom H, McHugh M, Sloane DM, Berg R, Merchant R, Girotra S, Aiken LH.

October 22, 2020 = Journal of Clinical Nursing

Predictors of specialty certification among paediatric hospital nurses.

Lasater KB, Clark RRS, McCabe MA, Frankenberger WD, Agosto PM, Riman KA, Aiken LH.

September 6, 2020 - BMJ Open

Case for hospital nurse-to-patient ratio legislation in Queensland, Australia, hospitals

McHugh MD, Aiken LH, Windsor C, Douglas C, Yates P.

August 31, 2020 - Journal of General Internal Medicine

Evaluating the Costs and Outcomes of Hospital Nursing Resources: a Matched Cohort Study of Patients with Common Medical Conditions.

Lasater KB, McHugh MD, Rosenbaum PR, Aiken LH, Smith HL, Reiter JG, Niknam BA, Hill AS, Hochman LL, Jain S, Silber JH.

August 18, 2020 - BMJ Quality and Safety

Chronic Hospital Nurse Understaffing Meets COVID-19

KB Lasater, LH Aiken, DM Sloane, R French, B Martin