Posted May 2013 Choosing the Right Hospital Could Be A LifesaverChoosing the right hospital for surgery has the potential to be a lifesaver. New research from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing has found that the odds of dying within 30 days of admission to a hospital for common surgeries was 14% lower in hospitals with the magnet-designation compared to hospitals without it. The magnet designation signifies the hospital has proven its ability to attract and retain nurses.
In addition, researchers found that the odds of dying after experiencing a complication after a common surgery within 30 days of admission was 12% lower in hospitals with the magnet-designation compared to hospitals without it. The study, published in today’s edition of ...
Posted March 2013 Nurse Understaffing Increases Infection Risk in VLBW BabiesVery low birth weight infants, those weighing less than 3.25 pounds, account for half of infant deaths in the United States each year, yet a new study released in today’s issue of JAMA-Pediatrics documents that these critically ill infants do not receive optimal nursing care, which can lead to hospital-acquired infections that double their death rate and may result in long-term developmental issues affecting the quality of their lives as adults.
These vulnerable infants are the highest risk pediatric patients in hospitals and account for half of all infant deaths in the country each year. These hospital-acquired infections afflicted 13.9 percent of these frail infants in ...
Posted March 2013 BSN Prepared Nurses Connected to Fewer Patient DeathsWhen hospitals hire more nurses with four-year degrees, patient deaths following common surgeries decrease, according to new research by the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing’s Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research as reported in the March issue of the prestigious policy journal Health Affairs. Less than half the nation’s nurses (45%) have baccalaureate degrees, according to the most recent data available (2008).
If all 134 Pennsylvania hospitals involved in the study had increased the percentage of their nurses with four-year degrees by 10 percentage points, the lives of about 500 patients who...
Posted February 2013 Can Breakfast Make Kids Smarter?New research from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing has found that children who regularly have breakfast on a near-daily basis had significantly higher full scale, verbal, and performance IQ test scores.
In one of the first studies to examine IQ and breakfast consumption, researc...
Posted January 2013 Type 1 Diabetes in Urban Children SkyrocketsOver the past two decades, the incidence of type 1 diabetes in very young children under age 5 has increased by 70 percent in the city of Philadelphia, according to research from a University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing researcher who currently maintains the only US registry of diabetes in children that has collected data continuously since 1985.
In a far-reaching study published online today in Diabetes Care, researchers led by nursing professor Terri H. Lipman, PhD, RN found that the overall incidence of Type 1 diabetes in children in Philadelphia has increas...
Posted December 2012 Lower Readmissions for Hospitals with Good Work EnvironmentNew research from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing has found that Medicare patients treated in hospitals with a good work environment for nurses had up to ten percent lower odds of readmission than those treated in hospitals with a poor work environment.
Preventable hospital readmissions are a source of unnecessary costs to Medicare—more than $15 billion annually, and Medicare is now penalizing hospitals with excessive rates of readmissions.
After examining data from more than 200,000 nurses and 412 hospitals in California, Pennsylvania and New Jersey, researchers determined the likelihood of readmission within 30-days among Medicare pa...
Posted December 2012 Hiring Extra Temporary Travel Nurses May Save LivesTo reduce the shortage of available staff nurses, hospitals have hired temporary “travel” nurses without fully knowing the effect on patient outcomes. However, a new study has concluded hiring extra nurses may actually save lives.
After examining data from more than 1.3 million patients and 40,000 nurses in more than 600 hospitals, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing have concluded that the use of such supplemental nurses “does not appear to have deleterious consequences for patient mortality.”
“Our study showed these nurses could be lifesavers. Hiring temporary nurses can alleviate shortages that could pro...
Posted December 2012 Second Hand Smoke Linked to Children's Behavior ProblemsIt is a known fact that active maternal smoking during pregnancy has negative effects on child health, such as attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, new research suggests that second hand smoke, or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), may be just as harmful.
In one of the first studies of its kind, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing examined data from 646 mother-child pairs in China, where more than 70 percent of men smoke, and concluded that 25 percent children of whose mothers were exposed to smoke exhibited behavior problems compared to 16 percent of children of unexposed mothers. ...
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