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Penn Nursing > Science in Action
Science in Action: Specialization Areas
Prevention
Posted August 2012

Intentionally Unvaccinated Students Put Others at Risk

​Parents nervous about the safety of vaccinations for their children may be causing a new problem: the comeback of their grandparents’ childhood diseases, reports a new study from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.   Despite the successes of childhood immunizations, wrote Penn Nursing researcher Alison M. Buttenheim, PhD, MBA, in the American Journal of Public Health, controversy over their safety has resulted in an increasing number of parents refusing to have their children vaccinated and obtaining legally binding personal belief exemptions against vaccinations for their children.   ...
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Prevention
Posted April 2012

Teen Violence Prevention Keeps It Real


Briana and Damon could be the kids up the block. Briana does well in school and wants to follow in her sister’s footsteps to college. Damon works hard at an after-school job in a local barbershop. They hang out with friends and try to stay out of trouble.   But Briana and Damon have a mission. Voiced by Philadelphia teens, they are a pair of digitally animated street-smart characters with a Facebook page aimed at reducing urban youth violence. Working with members of the West Philadelphia community, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, Drexel University, and the Philadelphia Collaborative Vi...

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Prevention
Posted February 2012

The Mobile Health Remedy

​Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) to prevent dehydration during diarrheal episodes is one of the most effective and affordable interventions to reduce child mortality and morbidity. Yet ORT has yet to be widely adopted in underdeveloped nations. In a pilot study, Alison Buttenheim, PhD, MBA, of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, is investigating whether mobile health (mHealth) technologies can encourage more widespread use of ORT. Her work is supported by Penn's Global Health Partnership program. "The expansion of cell phone ownership around the world has created an unprecendented oppo...
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Prevention
Posted August 2010

Professor seeks ways to prevent illness for a healthier society


Karen Glanz’s research, as a behavioral epidemiologist, cuts across many disciplines, yet her particular interest is not in understanding disease causation, but how communities get their members to use that science effectively.   “We have cancer screenings, but how do you get people to obtain their colonoscopies according to guidelines?” said Glanz, the George A. Weiss University Professor and a Professor of Epidemiology and Nursing.  “Obese people know they should eat healthier foods, but what is it we can do to encourage them do so?”  Glanz’s work has been varied, but almost always touches on several areas, be they anthropology or psychology or social systems.  For the last decade, she has studied skin cancer prevention.  She has tried to educate swimming pool managers, for instance, to do such b...

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