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Science in Action: Specialization Areas
HIV/AIDS
Posted January 2014

Penn HIV Researchers Deploy Large-Scale Intervention Project in South Africa

A large-scale human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) intervention/education effort aimed at helping South African men take a proactive role in the prevention of that disease has proven successful, an important development considering that country has the largest number of HIV infections in the world. Researchers, led by Prof. John B. Jemmott, III, Annenberg School for Communication and the Perelman School of Medicine; and Loretta Sweet Jemmott, Director of the Center for Health Equity Research at Penn Nursing,* developed an intervention involving nearly 1,200 individuals, who participated in customized and proactive...
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HIV/AIDS
Posted July 2011

Ensuring HIV Patients with Mental Illness Get the Care They Need


In a four-year study, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have found that assigning adults with serious mental illness who are HIV positive to the care of advanced practice nurses (APRN) to help navigate the health care system and maintain adherence to drug regimens reduced depression and improved their overall physical health, indicating that healthcare policy should be revamped to provide this support.  “Implementation of community-based nurse management using APRNs for complex patient populations may improve long-term outcomes and reduce the high costs of care. This study suggests that APRN care management should be a central component of the redesign of health care delivery to this vulnerable population,” said Penn Nursing professor Nancy Hanrahan, PhD, RN, the lead autho...

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Christopher Coleman, Associate Professor, Penn Nursing
HIV/AIDS
Posted June 2011

Using Buses to Promote HIV-Testing

PHILADELPHIA – A University of Pennsylvania study will determine if public transit can convey more than people going from point A to point B. Video displays on public buses in Los Angeles will be used to help determine the efficacy of an innovative soap opera-like video program designed to increase HIV testing among low-income African Americans 14 to 24 years of age. The program -- “Reality Check” -- will be shown on video monitors on public buses over a 27-week time-frame. Each episode of “Reality Check” explores relationships and decision-making among a group of young African Americans. The episodes carry an underlying message to get tested for HIV. Each three-minute episode of the show will display for one week on buses on a Tuesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday. B...
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HIV/AIDS
Posted February 2011

Dr. Jemmott: "Change Behavior, Save Lives"


    Combining Nursing Care with Nursing Science to Change Behaviors and Save Lives   Developed by Loretta Sweet Jemmott, PhD, RN, FAAN, one of the nation’s foremost researchers in the field of HIV/AIDS prevention, “Sister-to-Sister” is a one-on-one behavioral intervention for sexually active African American women 18 to 45 years old who have male partners and attend a women’s health clinic to screen for STDs. At 20-minutes, it is the briefest effective intervention in the world. The program stems from Dr. Jemmott’s NINR-funded randomized control trial to identify an effective, culturally-appropriate HIV/STD risk-reduction intervention. In a study of 564 African American women recruited from an urban women’s health clinic and assigned various inte...

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HIV/AIDS
Posted November 2010

Penn Study Focuses on Sexual Behaviors

A school-based, six-session program targeting sexual risk behaviors has proven effective in reducing rates of self-reported unprotected sex and sex with multiple partners among South African sixth-graders, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.  Loretta S. Jemmott, PhD, RN, the van Amerigen professor of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing and her husband John B. Jemmott III, PhD, professor of Communication in Psychiatry and the Kenneth B. Clark Professor of Communication at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Medicine and Annenberg School for Communication conducted the study with colleagues at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the University of Fort Hare in South Africa, among others.  Researchers tested a school-based p...
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HIV/AIDS
Posted August 2010

Developing HIV/abuse interventions for girls


“Safe sex saves lives” has been the mantra of the movement to protect against HIV infection. But for teen girls – and especially for young African-American women, who are among the fastest growing population of new HIV cases in the United States – research has found the conversation on safe sex should essentially begin with a discussion of healthy versus abusive partner relationships. “Those who are sexually active are at the highest risk for intimate partner abuse,” said Dr. Anne Teitelman, a professor with Penn School of Nursing’s Center for Health Equities Research. “For teens to practice safe sex, they need to first understand the different types of partner abuse and how abuse undermines safe sex practices.” As a nurse practitioner working in an adolescent health center, Dr. Teitelman, said she began to wonder what was ...

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HIV/AIDS
Posted March 2009

Penn Professor discusses link between dating violence and HIV

This month, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ “womenshealth.gov” website features an interview with Dr. Anne Teitelman. In the interview, Dr. Teitelman discusses her research about the impact of HIV on women and girls in the United States. Dr. Teitelman also talks about the links between dating violence and HIV, and offers advice for teens (and parents of teens) about the importance of HIV education and awareness. The interview, which will be featured during the entire month of March, can be found here: http://www.4woman.gov/spotlight/2009/3.cfm Photos of Dr. Teitelman are available upon request. ...
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