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Welcome to the Nursing, History and Health Care website. This unique site serves as a source of historical background information on issues regarding the nursing profession and the provision of nursing care. It addresses a wide range of topics critical to comprehending and broadening our understanding of health care and nursing concerns, including the role of professional nurses, nurse shortages, workplace problems and public health issues. This site aims to provide access to information that can be used by practitioners, researchers, educa tors, policymakers and consumers of health care to gain perspective on health care issues in general and nursing in particular by developing the historical context in which nursing developed as a profession and an occupation and also to increase awareness of the nursing profession’s contributions to health care in the United States. 


Funding for this site was received from the National Institute of Health, National Library of Medicine, Scholarly Work in Biomedicine and Health Grant, 1 G13 LM008295 and the University of Pennsylvania Research Foundation.

We ackowledge also the American Academy of Nursing's Expert Panel on Nursing History for its support and consultation in the development of this website.


Nursing, History, and Healthcare Articles
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Nurses' Guide Complete.pdf*NEW*  The Nurse’s Guide
American Nursing.pdfAmerican Nursing: An Introduction to the Past
Nurses Institutions and Caring.pdfNurses Institutions and Caring
History of Hospitals.pdfHistory of Hospitals
History of Psychiatric Hospitals.pdfHistory of Psychiatric Hospitals
Experiments in Children.pdfExperiments in Childrens Healthcare Institutions
Intensive Hospital Based Care of Infants in Twentieth Century America.pdfIntensive Hospital Based Care of Infants in Twentieth Century America
Home Care.pdfHome Care
What Is a Public Health Nurse.pdfWhat Is a Public Health Nurse
Late Nineteenth and Early Century Pediatrics.pdfLate-Nineteenth and Early-Twentieth Century Pediatrics
To Degree or not to Degree.pdfTo Degree or not to Degree: Women, Nursing and Baccalaureate Education in Twentieth-Century America
Workforce Issues.pdfWorkforce Issues
Where Do All the Nurse Go.pdf“Where Do All the Nurse Go?”: Mid-Twentieth Century Nurse Shortages, Causes, Solutions, and Continuing Problems