Salimah H Meghani, PhD, MBE, RN, FAAN
Associate Professor of Nursing
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing
Room 337 Fagin Hall
418 Curie Blvd.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4217
tel: (215) 573-7128
Dr. Meghani is an Associate Professor in the Department of Biobehavioral Health Sciences, a core member of the New Courtland Center for Transitions and Health, and an Associate Fellow of the Center for Bioethics at University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Meghani was conferred a BSN equivalent degree by the Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan. She earned her MSN in Adult Acute Care, MBE in Biomedical Ethics, and PhD in Nursing/Health Disparities at the University of Pennsylvania. She completed a post-doctoral training at the Center for Health Disparities Research at the University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing. She joined Penn Nursing faculty in 2007 and was promoted to Associate Professor with tenure in 2012.
Dr. Meghani teaches a core course in the Palliative Care Minor, N567: An Evidence Based Approach to Managing Symptoms in Advanced Illness. While the course focuses on the best current evidence on palliative symptom management, it also demonstrates through discourse, debates, and case-studies the tentativeness of evidence and social constructions shaping palliative care science, practice, and policy. The course appeals to students across master's programs ranging from pediatric to geriatric majors. Students receive this course very enthusiastically, as reflected in the comments: “This is, by far, the best course I have taken in my master’s program”; “This course really should be required for the program...”; "Learned more critical clinical information in this class than almost any other during my master's." Dr. Meghani also teaches a core doctoral course, N754: Quantitative Research Design and Methods- another course that is extremely well-received by the students. Students comment: “incredibly thorough, very knowledgeable and totally accessible”. “She has raised the bar in terms of quality of the work we will produce in future.”
Dr. Meghani was recognized for her teaching excellence through the Department’s prestigious Anne Keane Teaching Award given “in recognition of distinguished teaching that is intellectually demanding and permanent in its effect.” Students recognize Dr. Meghani as “extremely intellectual but yet entirely approachable.”
Dr. Meghani’s independent program of research focuses on understanding and addressing sources of disparities in pain treatment among vulnerable populations. Her scholarship has focused on 1) understanding patient-provider level factors contributing to clinical disparities in pain outcomes, 2) developing interventions towards ameliorating cancer pain disparities, and 3) contributing to a national agenda to identify macro-level policy targets to ameliorate pain care disparities in the United States. These targets offer great opportunity to narrow the gap in pain-related clinical outcomes among racially and economically disparate groups.
As a Principal Investigator, Dr. Meghani has secured several extramural grants including a Mentored Research Scientist Development Award (NIH 1K01NR010886) and the highly competitive American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Challenge Grant (NIH 1RC1NR011591). This latter NIH mechanism had a success rate of less than 1%. This longitudinal study leveraged methods from behavioral economics and patient-reported outcomes to understand sources of clinical disparities, preference-formation, consequent drug taking behavior, and clinical outcomes among cancer patients.
Besides NIH, Dr. Meghani has received competitive research funding from the American Cancer Society/Abramson Cancer Center IRG; Institute of Aging/Penn Minority Aging Research for Community Health; Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion; Oncology Nursing Society Foundation; Ortho-McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs.
Currently Funded Grants
NewCourtland Center for Transitions and Health
Dr. Meghani serves as the Chair of the American Pain Society's Pain Disparities Special Interest Group and on the Institute of Medicine (IOM) committee, Approaching Death: Addressing Key End of Life Issues. She also serves the on the editorial board of Pain Medicine, the official journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine. In 2007, Dr. Meghani was selected as a Fellow of the National Cancer Institute/National Institutes of Health Minority Investigators' Workshop in Behavioral Methodologies, which provides intensive research methods training to promising early to mid-level career investigators. Dr. Meghani has served on two state-level taskforces to improve End-of-Life experiences of Pennsylvanians. The Taskforce for Quality at the End-of-Life in Pennsylvania (2005-2007) was charged with documenting the status of palliative care in Pennsylvania and formulating recommendations for the governor of PA and secretary of aging. Dr. Meghani contributed to two white papers, "End-of-Life Care in Pennsylvania: A Background Paper" and "Improving End-of-Life Experiences for Pennsylvanians." She was reappointed (2007-2009) on the Patient Life-Sustaining Wishes (PLSW) Advisory Committee. This committee was formed pursuant to section 5488 of the Out-of-Hospital Non-resuscitation Act to assess the feasibility of Physician Order for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) paradigm. In 2010, Dr. Meghani was selected the Distinguished Alumnus by her alma mater, the Aga Khan University, Karachi Pakistan.
Dr. Meghani has authored many articles in high impact refereed journals. She has also served as a peer reviewer for highly reputed journals including Health Services Research, Archives of Internal Medicine, Journal of the American Geriatric Society, Journal of Nursing Scholarship, Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, Journal of Palliative Care, Pain Medicine, BMC Palliative Care and the World Health Organization’s Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal.
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