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Latin America

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The Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research is working on healthcare workforce and quality outcomes in Chile in collaboration with the School of Nursing at Universidad de los Andes (University of the Andes) in Santiago, Chile, and three other top Chilean nursing schools— Pontificia Universidad de la Católica de Chile, Universidad de La Serena, and Universidad de Concepción

Why is our study in Latin America so important?

It has long been under-stood that Chile looks to the U.S. and Europe for innova-tions in healthcare. They depend on researchers and consultants from the US and Europe to evaluate the outcomes of reforms and chart a course that is appropriate to their:

  • National Needs
  • Economy; and 
  • Culture

Our work in other countries has resulted in: 1) major advances in nursing care; 2) greater investments by governments and the private sector in nursing resources; and 3) data that provides strong evidence to support the powerful interaction between nursing work environments and nurse staffing.

Our proposal to examine the state of health care in Latin America will:

1) provide valuable information to policy-makers in a country that is trying to control its health care costs; and, 2) determine whether the effects of nurse staffing, nurse skill mix and the nurse work environment interact with one another in affecting patient outcomes in Chilean hospitals.

About Our Funders

Penn Global, University of Pennsylvania provides strategic direction for Penn’s global endeavors with a focus on efficient investment of university resources for global activities. Penn Global collaborates with Schools and Center across the University and seeks to catalyze cross-school collaborations to integrate knowledge that addresses key issues. 

The Nursing Research Grant program from Sigma Theta Tau International encourages nurses to focus on responding to health disparities globally. STTI, along with its partners contributes more than US $200,000 annually to nursing research through grants, scholarships, and monetary awards. 


Meet the Research Team

Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN, FAAN, Center DirectorDr. Linda H. Aiken, is a nurse sociologist, prominent health services researcher, and an authority on the causes, consequences, and solutions for nurse shortages in the United States and around the world. She conducts research on the use of performance measures to demonstrate relationships between nursing care and patient outcomes. 

Eileen Lake, PhD, RN, Associate Director, Center for Health Outcomes and policy Research

Dr. Eileen T. Lake is an international leader in the theory and methods of nursing systems research. She brings over two decades of experience with large multi-site projects studying hospitals as complex organizations and using nurse survey data to understand how organizational factors relate to the safety and quality of care and patient outcomes.

Matthew D. McHugh, PhD, JD, RN, MPH, CRNP, FAAN

Dr. Matthew D. McHugh possesses a a unique background as a clinical nurse and nurse practitioner, with advanced training in public health (focusing on healthcare policy and management), law, and health services and policy research. He has led other large research projects using comparable data and methods to those proposed and has extensive experience using the nursing data proposed for this study in both the U.S. and the European Union.

Douglas M. Sloane, PhD, Adjunct Professor

Dr. Douglas M. Sloane is an adjunct professor in the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Researchand has worked closely with Dr. Linda Aiken for over 20 years and contributed to this pioneering health services research that explores the relationship between nursing care and patient outcomes in the U.S. and abroad (Europe, China).

Dr. Maria Consuelo Ceron Mackay, Dean, Faculty of Nursing and Obstetrics, University of the Andes.  Early in her professional career she was a bed side nurse in an Intensive Care Unit in a Pediatric Hospital. Later she became a faculty member in the Nursing School at Universidad de los Andes. She was part of the team in Pediatric and Emergency course. For over 10 years, she taught in aula and also went to clinical settings with undergraduate students as a clinical teacher. She has actively participated in the board of the Bachelor Programs in Sciences, then in the University Board as the Deputy of the General Secretary. She was de Director of the School of Nursing for five years and recently the Dean of the Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery. 

University of Pennsylvania Partners

Dr. Jere Behrman has been engaged in research in over 40 countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America, including Chile. He is viewed as one of the leading economists concerned with analysis of the determinants and impacts of health and of education in developing countries.

Dr. David Bravo has demonstrated an ability to bridge research and policy and being instrumental in garnering political support and funding for the collection of novel data. His expertise was essential during the first longitudinal study of children in Chile. 

Dr. Herbert Smith has worked on a large number of issues in the field of population, bearing especially on social stratification, on health and health care systems, and on fertility—most with an international emphasis. 

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